Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Alternatives to 'genotype' and 'phenotype'

I just posted the following tweet, but realized that it needed a bit more elaboration.

The meanings I want to capture are the following:

'Genotype':  the genetic differences between different people (or other organisms)

'Phenotype':  the differences in traits/characteristics/properties between different people (or other organisms)

This is for a new blurb for Useful Genetics.  Part 1 of Useful Genetics teaches how genotypes differ and how they cause phenotypic differences.  Part 2 teaches how genotypic and phenotypic differences are inherited.

The terms need to stand alone - I'm not looking for analogies to incorporate into explanations of what 'genotype' and 'phenotype mean'.

For 'genotype' I could maybe say 'DNA differences' or 'gene differences', but I can't come up with any way to capture the real meaning of 'phenotype' in one or a few non-technical words.  It needs to not exclude any of the ways that phenotypes differ (appearance/metabolism/behaviour/disease risk etc).

Ideally the words would apply comfortably to both people and other organisms, but it's most important that they apply to people.



VJ said...

Why not simply "DNA differences" and "trait differences"? Should be accessible to most people.

PS Long time reader/fan, first time commenter :)

Hotshot said...

I have to giggle, but my students differentiate them as "letters" (AA, Aa, aa) versus "appearances."

Rosie Redfield said...

To me, 'trait' is somewhat of a jargon term, not one I would use outside of genetics. But maybe I'm wrong and most people are comfortable with it as a general usage.

happy wheels said...

This is a great web site. Good sparkling user interface and very informative blogs. I will be coming back in a bit, thanks for the great article. I have found it enormously useful..
happy wheels| happywheels| happy wheels hacked| happy wheels demo| happy wheels| happywheels| happy wheels hacked| happy wheels demo
tetris| tetris games| tetris unblocked| unblocked tetris| monster high games| monsterhighgames| monster high| monsterhigh

Love KidsTV said...

Thanks for your post. Click to play Plants vs Zombies , Solitaire,Tom And Jerry Games, Brain Games, Happy Wheels , Five Nights At Freddy's

chipr said...

This is interesting, and I'm wanting to learn more about both mainly for personal reasons. As far as using the term "trait", I believe most non-technical or non genetics users will know what trait means. Ultimately, there will still need to be a glossary but your proposed terms will be easier to memorize and associate, the meaning, to the term; as opposed to the term phenotype for instance.

I like characteristic differences a bit better than trait differences.

Found while searching for more information about your Useful Genetics course (through edX).

Friv4 Games Online said...

Hi! I’ve been reading your blog for a while now and finally got the
happy wheels | friv | girlsgogames | games2girls | happy wheels

Bảo Gia said...

Thank you very much for your post, it makes us have more and more discs in our life, So kind for you, I also hope you will make more and more excellent post and let’s more and more talk, thank you very much, dear.
friv 100 | Friv 10 | zoxy |

Friv Friv Games said...

I enjoyed over read your blog post. Your blog have nice information, I got good ideas from this amazing blog. I am always searching like this type blog post. I hope I will see again.
friv 3 games
friv4school 2017
kizi 2
zoxy games

Asliraf Ammar said...

Thanks Great Post. We are professional, delivering a world-class moving, relocation, removal, and storage solutions at highly competitive market prices in Dubai-UAE.movers in dubai, best movers in dubai, best movers and packers in dubai, Cheap movers in dubai, office movers in dubai. Best Movers in Dubai
Respond in 24 hours, Phone: +971-526062215 East West Mover company that offers local movers, residential, commercial and worldwide moving services.

Love Kpop said...

I'm puzzled with lots of exercises. I was afraid I could not do the right time despite my hard work. I need a support person.

Thu Lê said...

I was very impressed by this post, this site has always been pleasant news. Thank you very much for such an interesting post. Keep working, great job! In my free time, I like play game: What about you?

Dr Driving said...

This is a great article. It gave me a lot of useful information. thank you very much.

Friv games for Kids said...

Thanks for sharing such a nice article. It is really useful to me and all people. One think in my mind came while reading that it is not wasting of time. kizi4 the aim of the game is to get the block to fall into the square hole at the end of each stage. There are 33 stages to complete. Geometry Dash is a great place to play the best free online